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All photos courtesy of Kazuyuki Takemoto.
Citizens against the plu-thermal program---a Japanese term for burning mixed uranium-plutonium oxide (MOX) fuel in commercial light water reactors ? tour the village to spread information on the program. The banner reads: "Stop Plu-Thermal with the Power of Women" Behind the "caravan" is an old Japanese-style residence. (20 May, 2001)
Open Debate on the Plu-Thermal Program. (22 May, 2001)
In the front row are the anti-MOX debaters, Yuichi Kaido (on the far right), Keiji Kobayashi (middle), and Masako Sawai (on left).
About 200 villagers attended the open debate. Media interest was high not only locally, but nationally as well. (22 May, 2001)
The debate carried on for more than two hours. A villager voices her opinion during a Q and A session. (22 May, 2001)
When a referendum was held in August 1999 at Maki Town, Niigata Prefecture, on the construction of a nuclear power plant, people across Japan sent handkerchiefs with messages written on them. People did the same for Kariwa Village, and the rice paddies were dressed with colorful handkerchiefs. (26 May, 2001)
Handkerchiefs adorn the border of Kariwa Village. The sign in the front reads: Your privacy will be protected on the right. It depicts the referendum form with boxes for "Yes", "No" and "Defer" and has a big circle in the box for "No." (26 May, 2001)
Without the handkerchiefs and the signs, Kariwa Vilage would look just like any other quiet Japanese village. Kariwa on the day before the referendum. (26 May, 2001) 
Remembering the mothers of Tokai Village who could not protect their children from exposure due to the JCO accident in 1999, many women were vocal in their opposition to the plan. (26 May, 2001)
Opponents of the plu-thermal program discuss future strategies in the first meeting since the referendum held on 27 May. Following the requests from Niigata Governor and the Mayors of Kashiwazaki and Kariwa in reponse to the result of the referendum, the operator of Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Plant, Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), postponed the loading of MOX fuel which was planned to be carried out during this year's early-summer periodic inspection of Kashiwazaki-Kariwa 3. (30 May, 2001)
Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Plant at the border of Kariwa Village and Kashiwazaki City in Niigata Prefecture

The Open Debate Held on the Safety, Economy, and Necessity of the Plu-Thermal Program.

There were two open debates held in the village in the interim between the posting of the referendum and the day of voting. The second debate, held on 22 May 2001, had three debaters from both sides, and was co-sponsored by the three factions: the Association for a Brighter Kariwa Village (pro-MOX), the Association for Delivering Our Voice to the Village Administration (neutral), and the Association against Nuclear Energy and for Protecting Kariwa Village (anti-MOX).

The debaters were:
[Debaters for the plu-thermal program]
Hirobumi Kono, Chief Director of the Agency for Natural Resources and Energy (ANRE) under the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI)
Yoshihiko Sasaki, Director of the Agency for Nuclear and Industrial Safety under ANRE
Professor Shunsuke Kondo, Tokyo University, President of the Nuclear Energy Subcommittee of the Comprehensive Energy Review Committee set up under ANRE

[Debaters against the plu-thermal program]
Yuichi Kaido, Lawyer, Representative of the Plaintiffs in the Monju Court Case, Board member of CNIC
Masako Sawai, CNIC staff
Keiji Kobayashi, Instructor at Kyoto Reactor Research Institute


Citizens' Nuclear Information Center
Akebonobashi Co-op 2F-B, 8-5 Sumiyoshi-cho,
Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 162-0065, Japan